Common Name(s): Pau Ferro, Morado, Bolivian Rosewood, Santos Rosewood
Scientific Name: Machaerium spp. (Machaerium scleroxylon)
Distribution: Tropical South America (mainly Brazil and Bolivia)
Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter
Average Dried Weight: 54 lbs/ft3 (865 kg/m3)
Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .70, .87
Janka Hardness: 1,960 lbf (8,710 N)
Amazon or Bolivian Rosewood, a tropical hardwood, native to Brazil, Venezuela and Bolivia, is a true Rosewood. It is a dense wood, color can be highly varied, ranging from reddish/orange to a dark violet/brown, usually with contrasting darker black streaks. Narrow sapwood is a pale yellow and is clearly demarcated from the heartwood.